Sewing leather gloves and bags.
Leather gloves

PP "Shkirgalant"

 Russian 

  Women gloves, bags, Men gloves, Sport gloves, Children gloves.
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About gloves

HISTORY OF GLOVES

Long sleeves served as gloves and mittens for many nations. They warmed hands and were in use when people needed to take or bring hot pots. Such kinds of sleeves remained to the beginning of the 20-th century. For a very long time the gloves were known as protection of the hands and decoration. The history counts a lot of interesting cases and traditions connected with gloves, so it gives some symbolism to this accessory.

Firstly, gloves were not a part of decorum but means of simple usage. They were made of various cheap materials and were used by shepherds, peasants and soldiers of different times. The gloves began to symbolize a status of their owner with the appearance of social classes.

The history has a lot of facts of using the gloves in ancient times. They were popular and served as a protection of the hands in Old Egypt. The Pharaohs wore them as s symbol of their high position and women wore them to protect the beauty of their hands (they rub their hands with honey and fragrant oils and put on thin silk gloves). In those times the gloves were made as small pockets without holes for fingers. Then they were made only with one thumb (as today's mittens). Egyptian women used these mittens to protect hands while eating or working.

There was a tradition to eat in gloves even in the Middle Ages. There were special thimbles from thin good fabric. They put them only on the fingers.

The gloves were means of protection at work in the Antique World. Shepherds and peasants wore them while working with thorny or spiny grass.

The Romans put on the gloves while eating. These gloves were made from linen and silk. It was safe to take hot meat because the Romans did not use forks in those times. Such kind of gloves was called Digitalia and they were also used for cooking.

The gloves without fingers were worn in the Middle Ages. These gloves were leather with cotton lining or they were mittens from iron rings for hunting.

The gloves became an accessory of the first rate and meaning in women's clothes since the 12-th century. They were decorated with colorful embroider, jewelry and pearls. Women splashed them with perfumes.

The gloves were not only decoration, but a symbol of chic and elegance, a symbol of differentiation and power in the Middle Ages. The gloves of the kings and a high priesthood were richly decorated with gold, silver, pearls and jewelry. Simple people wore gloves from deer and calf-skin or sheepskin.

The gloves became a part of liturgical decoration at the Catholic Church in the 11-th century. The bishops wore gloves knitted with golden thread. The priests of lower position wore only white gloves which symbolized purity.

The gloves were so important and in the Middle Ages, so that they became a symbol of dignity and honor. All ceremonies were followed with transmission of a glove.

History of gloves.

The gloves had a symbolic meaning in the knight's circle. The handing of a glove meant that the knight became a vassal of a person who had given him a glove. If a glove was thrown under feet it meant a duel. The expression challenge to a duel was used till the end of the 18-th century. But receiving a glove from a woman had a different meaning. It was a symbol of a great benevolence and favor. The knight wore this symbol on his neck in a special bag and never left it.The Lombardians gave a glove and a sword to their fiancees as a symbol of faithfulness during a marriage ceremony.

The gloves appeared in Germany and Scandinavian countries in the 13-14-th cent. In the 17-th century knitted pants appeared and knitting machine was invented, so knitted gloves were in a wide use.

French masters were leaders on the gloves market at the beginning of the 17-th century to the end of the 18-th century.

The French masters opened of their technological secrets to the whole Europe under the influence of Napoleon.

By the end of the 17-th century the gloves were necessary with clothes. Silk, thin leather, lace, pearls, jewelry and golden buttons were used to make the gloves.

The technology of producing gloves became unbelievably complicated.

For example, in the 18-th century it was very difficult to order beautiful gloves. The leather was bought in Spain, cutting-out was made in France, sewing and decoration were made in England.

Men's gloves were always short but the length of the women's gloves depended on the length of the sleeves.

In the 19-th century the rules for ideal gentlemen were formulated. According to these rules a real gentlemen had to change his gloves six times a day.

In 1807 an Englishman James Winter invented a machine for sewing gloves. The rubber gloves were patented.

In the beginning of the 19-th century Russia began to produce kid-skin; it's very mild and soft leather. The gloves that were made from it were thin, elastic and glimmering.

By the middle of the19-th century the gloves were made by hand.

Then a special machine for pressing the edges of the production was invented. These edges were held tightly and firmly and were unnoticeable. It was difficult to put on true kid-gloves. So, they put them on at home. The rules of etiquette demanded to were gloves in public.

gloves are character of the real lady

In the 20-th century the industry of gloves production was dramatically changed. It was caused by sharp social changes, especially for the last 30 years. That's why this field of production was on the edge of dying.

The gloves were a symbol of elegance and a symbol of a true lady, who wore the gloves, a hat and pants the whole year. Sunburned hands meant belonging to a working class in 1930-s years. The top of it was in 1968. This accessory was recognition of a bourgeois symbol, a symbol of official relations, riches and hypocrisy.

The gloves industry faced with a deep crisis in the days of triumph of simple clothes and jeans.

At the beginning of the 80-s the revival of true gloves began and they returned to the shop-windows as an important accessory of fashion industry.


SYMBOLISM, FASHION AND TRADITIONS

The gloves had a symbolic meaning. A right glove was especially meaningful. One must put it off coming up to a person of a high position or coming up to an altar

Lady's favor for a man was to put off her glove while giving her hand to him.
There was a cult of a glove in the Middle Ages and the times of Renaissance.

The knight received improving of his position with a glove of suzerain, the bishop received ordaining in order and the representatives of town population got privileges.

One can sale, make coins and take taxes in the of a king's glove. It was a symbol of power like a seal.

A red glove decorated with jewelry was a symbol of a Sacred Rome Empire.

A judge always wore gloves while judging.

Knights threw a glove to the feet and it meant a duel.

One could beat with a glove and only blood could wash such a shame.

Spanish dignitary had no right to wear gloves in the presence of Pope and a king, at church, funerals or ceremonies.

Men of the past more frequently wore gloves in the hands, than on the hands, for not putting them so often. That's why the gloves were so wide.

People were condemned if they put off a glove with teeth, gave a hand in a glove or tried to take something with a glove. So much taboo made men not to wear gloves on the hands.

The shorter a sleeve was, the longer became a glove. Their appearance depended on the pants' fashion.

Knitted gloves appeared after knitted pants in the 16-th century, but leather gloves still remained more elegant.

In the 17-18-ths centuries men and women wore embroidered gloves.

It was very difficult to put off a glove, so in the times of a Great French revolution they decided to make short gloves without fingers. So mittens appeared this way.

People wore mittens with only one hole for a thumb in the times of Old Russia. Rich people decorated mittens with gold, lace and fringe. Women's mittens were decorated with pearls and jewelry and they were embroidered with silk and gold. Knitted mittens were made of knitted gold.

People wore two pairs of mittens at once in the northern parts of Russia, Siberia and the Urals. Women sewed smart mittens from morocco or broadcloth and embroidered them with golden or silver threads. They wore such gloves at Easter or at other great holidays.

The gloves returned to a men's fashion with the beginning of the 19-th century. The suits became more solid and the arms more opened. Men's gloves were left without decoration. Only a style, cutting-out and quality were valuable. Gloves were kept on a special straighter in a special box.

At the border of the 19-20-ths centuries thread gloves became in use. They were analogues of open-worked pants. Evening gloves were higher than elbow and without fingers; Day gloves were with fingers. In everyday life ladies did not like to put off the gloves. They wore rings on them. White linen gloves of noble ladies were to the elbow.

At the end of the 19-th century the rules of etiquette were following: Do not put off the gloves during the ball; even if they are tearing to pieces. Take one more pair of gloves going to a ball. Put off your gloves while having supper or playing cards.

The main materials for men's gloves were kid-skin, suede, Sweden and Dutch leather, Lisle thread and Persian thread (they appeared a little bit later).

knitting gloves

The stockinet gloves were added to leather and knitted gloves in the 20-th century. Among rich people it wasn't good to appear without gloves in public. The gloves by a Darby production were very popular. These gloves were made from good leather and have a big firm button on them. Women put on white silk gloves or long kid-gloves at parties and balls. Men in the uniforms wore suede gloves and men dressed in civilian clothes wore kid-gloves. Sweden gloves were made in a special way. The outer side of them was inner side of curried animal's skin and they resembled suede.

Black gloves wore at funerals, yellow gloves wore in the hunting and white gloves wore at balls. Thread gloves also wore waiters. The gloves were put on at home because it was bad manners to put them on in public.

At the beginning of the 20-th century the most fashionable women's gloves were made from goat skin. The best leather for sports gloves was dog's skin. There were also gloves for the automobile drivers in fashion. Sport attributes were more important than going in for sport.


 

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Vinnitsa gloves

Address: Ukraine, Vinnitsa,
Lebedinskogo str., 34
Tel: (0432) 26-35-23, 27-79-41
E-mail: kozhgalant@mail.ru
Internet: www.gloves.com.ua

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